80+ Freshwater Animals and Plants: List With Pictures

Freshwater animals and plants are Toad, Trout, Turtle, Piranha, Duck, Crocodile, Crab, Cryptocoryne, Dwarf Hairgrass, Banana Plant, Micro Sword, Glossostigma Plant.

Our planet Earth is blessed with an innumerable variety of water animal species. These water animals are categorized into two water habitats, freshwater, and saltwater. So if you’re searching for animals that live in freshwater, then I’ve provided a huge list of freshwater animals below.

Freshwater Animals

freshwater animals

Animals that live in freshwater habitat are called freshwater animals. A freshwater animal cannot survive in salt water because the water inside its body would flow out its cell and eventually it’ll die out of dehydration. The following is a list of freshwater animals names

  • X-Ray Tetra
  • Wren
  • Wigeon
  • Whistler Vole
  • Wader
  • Warbler
  • Weaver
  • Weaver-finch
  • Thrush
  • Toad
  • Trout
  • Turtle
  • Spoonbill
  • Starling
  • Swan
  • Tadpole
  • Tapir
  • Raven
  • Seal
  • Shelduck
  • Shoebill
  • Shrimp
  • Osprey
  • Pelican
  • Pike
  • Piranha
  • Hippopotamus
  • Jacana
  • Jaguar
  • Jaguarundi
  • Kestrel
  • Newt
  • Grebe
  • Gull
  • Harrier
  • Heron
  • Flamingo
  • Frog
  • Gar
  • Dugong
  • Eagle
  • Egret
  • Electric Eel
  • Falcon
  • Duck
  • Dragonfly
  • Dipper
  • Deer
  • Crow
  • Crocodile
  • Crayfish
  • Crane Fly
  • Crab
  • Coypu
  • Coot
  • Coati
  • Clouded Leopard
  • Climbing Perch
  • Cichlid Catfish
  • Caterpillar
  • Carp
  • Capybara
  • Caecilian
  • Bittern
  • Bitterling
  • Betta
  • Beetle
  • Beaver
  • Bat
  • Basilisk
  • Baboon
  • Babirusa
  • Axolotl
  • Avocet
  • Arowana
  • Archerfish
  • Alligator
  • Otter
  • Snail
  • Sea Lion

Freshwater Plants

  • Cryptocoryne
  • Dwarf Hairgrass
  • Banana Plant
  • Micro Sword
  • Glossostigma Plant
  • Moss Ball
  • Moneywort
  • Rotala Rotundifolia
  • Pygmy Chain Sword
  • Indian Waterweed
  • Anubia Nana

Also Read: 50+ Sea Animals Names

Freshwater Animals with Information and Pictures

1. X-Ray Tetra

Pristella maxillaris, commonly known as X-ray tetra, are omnivore freshwater fish that belong to the genus Pristella. It is one of the favorite aquarium fish due to its faint golden skin color. As X-ray tetras are omnivores, they primarily hunt Worms, insects, and small Crustaceans and also feed aquatic plants.  

2. Trout

Trout is a freshwater fish belonging to the genera Oncorhynchus. It’s a freshwater fish, that only lives in rivers and lakes but sometimes it is also found in saline water. Trout can survive in marine water habitats but when it comes to producing eggs, they return to freshwater habitats.

3. Turtle

Turtles are cold-blooded reptiles found in almost all water habitats. Their habitat includes both freshwater and saline water. The freshwater turtles have hard shell covers on their body that protect them from predators. They spend their most life in water and only migrate between water bodies.

4. Duck

Ducks are aquatic birds also known as waterfowls that belong to the Anatidae family. Some of their species live in saltwater but mostly they are freshwater birds and their food is small fish, fish eggs, aquatic plants, etc.

5. Seal

Seals are mostly sea animals but there are some species that are found in freshwater habitats. Baikal is a species of Seal that live in freshwater. Baikal Seals are one of the smallest true earless seals belonging to the Phocidae family. They are found in Baikal lake and occasionally in some rivers.

6. Bamboo Shrimp

Shrimps are mostly saline water creatures, but Bamboo Shrimps are species of shrimps that are found in freshwater habitats. These freshwater shrimps belong to the Macrobrachium genus.

Also Read: 60+ Aquatic Animals Name

7. Hippopotamus

Hippopotamus also known as hippo, are large herbivores, semi-aquatic mammals that belong to the Hippopotamidae family. Although hippos are semi-aquatic, they are mostly found in freshwater habitats.

8. Frog

Frogs are small, cold-blooded carnivore amphibians. They have smooth skin, big eyes, log back legs with eyes and nose on top of their head. Most of their species are aquatic because their skin requires freshwater. Frogs are mostly freshwater amphibians and that’s why some of their species are highly preferred for fish tanks.

9. Crab

Crabs are found in both marine water and fresh water. They have lots of species, mostly semi-aquatic but there are almost 1300 species that are found in freshwater. Freshwater crabs are found in tropical and subtropical regions. They are one of the most important food items and people love eating them.

Also Read: 50+ Semi Aquatic Animals

Freshwater Animals Examples

The following are the examples of freshwater animals

Trout begin spawning at the early age of 3 or 4 and a female trout produces almost 2000 eggs per kilo.

Freshwater turtles do not always live in rivers and ponds, they also climb out of the water to bask in the warm sun.

Swans live in wetlands including marshes, lakes and they eat water plants using their long flexible neck.

A freshwater crocodile can be easily identified as it is a light brown color with darker bands on its body and tail.

Crows and Ravens belong to the same genus.

Ducks have got great vision and highly waterproof feathers.

The shock of an electric eel is so dangerous that it can easily knock a horse off its feet.

The teeth of Piranha that help them in powerful bite are actually replaceable.

A Tadpole mainly breathes through gills and spends several weeks in water in developing legs, lungs, etc.

A Pelican doesn’t live in water but when dives into the water, it can hold its breath for up to 20 minutes.

Also Read: Aquatic Animals: Complete Overview

Pictures of Freshwater Animals

Picture of Freshwater Animal and Plants With Names

freshwater animals and plants

Image of Freshwater Animal Names

freshwater animals

FAQs

What are 5 freshwater animals?

Five Freshwater animals are Toad, Trout, Turtle, Piranha, Duck

What animals are found in a freshwater habitat?

Animals found in freshwater habitat are Toad, Trout, Turtle, Piranha, Duck, Crocodile, Crab, Cryptocoryne

Youtube Credit: Lindsay Griffin

So that’s it about Freshwater Animals. If you need more names of freshwater creatures, tell me in the comments below.

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